A Fugue from Book 1 of the Well Tempered Clavier by Johann Sebastian Bach. This post is the first Sibelius transcription in my project to make trackable scores of both books of Sebastian Bach’s Well Tempered Clavier. I hope to improve my understanding of Bach’s contrapuntal harmony.
Zuzana Ruzickova, a Czech survivor of the Nazi concentration camps who rediscovered beauty in life through the music of J.S. Bach, a canon to which she dedicated her life as one of the world’s premier harpsichordists, died Sept. 27 at a hospital in Prague. She was 90.
I bought a used M3 for my return to film photography around the same time that I refreshed my eyeglasses. My prescription runs about $900 for new frames with all the bells and whistles: progressive high index lenses to handle the high correction for my prescription, anti-glare and scratch protection coatings, and transition sun glasses.
One problem. The M3 viewfinder ring is metal with a serrated outer edge. The first time I put my eye up to the viewfinder and heard my lens contact the viewfinder I realized scratching my glasses was inevitable. I knew just the sound of my lens contacting the viewfinder was going to be a distraction.
The only option I could find was a plastic snap-on Eyeglass Guard for the viewfinder from DAG Camera Parts. ButI still had the distracting sound of my glasses contacting the viewfinder. I wanted something that was quiet (no distraction) and compressed against my glasses when I buried my eye in the viewfinder.
Here’s my temporary solution using a 1-1/2″ x 1/16″ roll of self-adhesive neoprene and a couple of circle punches from EK Tools (1/2″ and 3/4″). This is only a temporary solution since it is easy to dislodge the neoprene/adhesive.
I have since found a better solution in a future post.
I had two moving lines: three (yang) and four (yin). Master Huang suggests consulting only the yin line.
The Commentary on the Fourth Six:
Being sincere and truthful,
anxiety goes away.
Those above agree with you.
The line is in its correct place and thus one is able to be humble and willing to accept support from the two yang elements on the top. Thus, “Anxiety goes away; fear gives out.”
This gua employs “Clouds condense, yet no rain” as an image to express the situation when the accumulation of one’s latent energy and strength is not enough. A little break is required. It is not the time for one to carry out his purpose.
Fourth Six: Little Accumulation (9) alternates to Initiating (1).
My default reference aperture is f/5.6 because it tends to be where the lens sharpness peaks. I rarely stop down beyond this point but more often than not open up to f/4 and f/2.8 to reduce depth of field. The choice is dependent on my distance from the subject of my image. I find the closer I get to my subject the background detail can become a distraction. Using a wider aperture reduces the focal depth and helps to emphasize the subject. The rendering of the unfocused background is called Bokeh—whether it is soft and luminous, or contrasty and harsh—a characteristic of the lens optics. More importantly certain images demand the background to be out of focus regardless of the lens characteristics.
In close focal distances, a photograph taken with the aperture set to f/5.6 will have more background detail close to the focus point, while an aperture of f/2 the background will soften helping to isolate the subject from the background. Each aperture on the aperture ring represent a factor of 2 difference. Relative to an aperture of f/5.6, f/4 (open up) doubles the light captured and f/8 (stop down) reduces the light captured by half. I find f/2.8 and f/4 the apertures I use the most on my 50mm lens when I’m isolating the subject from the background. To get to those apertures is a balance of controlling the lighting conditions (Aperture/Shutter Speed) and the film speed (ISO). In general I need to be able to control 2-stops in my photography.
Modern digital cameras offer shutter speeds beyond 1/1000 to 1/4000 sec. (2-stops) which makes it fairly easy to open up the lens to f/2.8 under normal lighting. However, my old Leica M3 film camera is limited to 1/1000 sec. In sunlight with film ISO 100 a normal exposure can be f/5.6 at 1/1000 sec. To get to f/2.8 I need to use a filter with a 4X factor which in optics is the exponential reference (22=4) for 2 aperture stops. Likewise a filter factor of 8 is 3-stops (23=8). A Multi-Coated Neutral Density 4X filter is an important part of my kit.
Up to now I have been talking about working in sunlight. Once I move into the shade I can begin to use slower shutter speeds to open up the lens. As the light diminishes I either can use a tripod (not always practical) or select a faster film such as Tri-X ISO 400, which is two stops faster than ISO 100. Ultimately the choice for me is do I load my camera with ISO 100 or 400 film.